Indias befolkning

The population of India exceeded 250 million people in the mid-1920s and 500 million in 1966. During 1999, one billion was passed, and according to UN population statistics, the figure in 2014 was approximately 1.26 billion. In 2020, the population was 1.38 billion - 16 percent of the world's population - with an increase of 1.14 percent a year. These people lived on only 2.45 percent of the earth's land area!

Average life expectancy has increased significantly in recent years. While it was as low as 32 years in 1951 and 47 years in 1971, life expectancy in 2014 had risen to approximately 68.1 years for women and 64.6 years for men. The increase in life expectancy is due, among other things, to effective control of many diseases such as tuberculosis, smallpox, cholera and malaria and a sharply declining infant mortality rate.

Views on the population growth in India

That it is a necessity to reduce the population growth in the country, both the opposition and the government are agreeing upon

In 1994, when India signed the international agreement on "World Population Development", they accepted the right of parents to determine the size of the family and the time between births. Therefore, India can hardly introduce central legislation to regulate the family size of its inhabitants, despite demands from almost all corners of India. The states, on the other hand, can introduce their own laws.

That it is a necessity to reduce the population growth in the country, both the opposition and the government are agreeing upon

In 1994, when India signed the international agreement on "World Population Development", they accepted the right of parents to determine the size of the family and the time between births. Therefore, India can hardly introduce central legislation to regulate the family size of its inhabitants, despite demands from almost all corners of India. The states, on the other hand, can introduce their own laws.

Several Indian states have already enacted penal laws to help control population growth, or to encourage smaller families. Shortly after India's Prime Minister Modi delivered a speech on the country's population problem, the local government of the state of Assam decided to implement “Assam's policy for the people, adopted more than two years ago, and which states that no person with more than two children can be eligible for government jobs in Assam from January 2021 ». Twelve states have similar provisions on this two-child policy. It also includes that those who have more than two children can be barred from contesting the election results of the local state governments.

India's population of 1.37 billion is now relatively stable. Excluding a few states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, most states such as Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadhu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are now stable with negative population growth.

A debate about population is inevitable in a country that in 2030 is expected to surpass China in population. China is currently the most populous country in the world, but according to the UN estimate for economic and social affairs, India's population will increase to 1.5 billion by 2030 against China's population, which at the same time will be 1.46 billion.

Although forecasts from the UN shows that India may surpass China in population by 2030, other forecasts show that the trend in population growth is not increasing, but declining. For India, this may now indicate that there is no longer any population growth, but that the population has already stabilized.

 

 

             

Among a lot of things, living conditions and health care facilities requires a massive upgradation in order to serve the inhabitants of India!

             

                     

 

The Indian population

Donate a choosen sum for fighting Covid in India

X
en_GB