Monsoon is a type of wind that changes direction with the season. Asia is hit by the strongest monsoon, and here the humid air leads to a rainy season lasting several months. The monsoon has always caused floods in India, but climate change is making the monsoon more unpredictable and more violent than before.
The monsoon rains come over the Indian subcontinent in early June and move north until it hits northern India in early July. In 2020, the monsoon rains came much earlier than usual, and is the earliest monsoon rains in India in a century. Although India has experienced strong economic growth in recent years, with hundreds of millions lifted out of extreme poverty, there are still hundreds of millions who are poor, and around half of the approximately 1.3 billion people lack access to clean water . In India, it is also estimated that almost half of the population is starving
Chronic hunger is a part of life
Sathya pays little attention to the rapid economic development in the country.
It is dark in the poor cottage. There is no electricity here. As a homeless person and one of the millions who live on less than a dollar a day, the mother of four is used to sending her children to bed hungry. As a seasonal worker, she is happy every time she can bring a hoe and a shovel and go to work. I hope the children do not have to live the life I do. It is important that they go to school, says Sathya. With her hands as her most important tool, she uses her strength to grow rice. Farmers and freelancers in the state of Tamil Nadu are fighting against an increasingly diverse climate. For hundreds of millions, the mixture of climate change, extreme poverty and chronic hunger means that they are not allowed to take part in the furious developments that make India a global power factor.
India is willing to do something about the climate as long as it does not go beyond the goal of eradicating poverty, says an Indian researcher. Not every Indian emits much greenhouse gas, but because Indians make up a sixth of the world's population, only the United States and China have greater greenhouse gas emissions.
Unlike the other major countries that promise to do something about greenhouse gas emissions, India will not quantify how much they will cut. This is happening at the same time as the Indians are among those who will notice climate change the most. As in many other countries, sea level rise will eventually be felt along the Indian coast, and even now the monsoon pattern may be affected. Last summer it was extremely hot in India, something the government also linked to global warming. Last summer it was up to 47 degrees in the shade, and the heat wave took up to 2500 lives.
After the heat wave, Minister Harsh Vardhan stated "Let us not deceive ourselves by saying that there is no connection between the unusually high death toll from the heat wave and another monsoon that did not come when it should. It's not just an unusually hot summer, it's climate change”.
The Royal Meteorological Society in the UK has made models that show that in the future, climate change will make the monsoon even wetter, that it will change where it rains, and that it will be difficult to predict where the rain will come from.
Since the monsoon in India has historically been very stable, this can have major consequences for the many farmers in the country.
Facts: Climate emission targets
- • On paper, India has an ambitious climate policy, but it is important to obtain energy quickly. And renewable energy today is only a small part of India's energy consumption.
- • It is not a popular demand to do anything about climate change. It is the middle class in the big cities that are concerned about it. Poor farmers have enough to survive from year to year.
- • Many people have not met their primary needs, and then it is difficult to think about how to preserve the earth for the next generations.
- • The Indians plan to double the production of coal energy over the next five years. Among other things, it will ensure that the around 300 million who currently do not have access to electricity will have sockets in their homes.
Will it be possible that approximately 40% of India's energy capacity by 2030 will be able to come from non-fossil sources. Even if this goal requires contributions from the Green Climate Fund, will it still be possible for a large nation like India to achieve such a goal? He who lives will see!
We are born on the street, we live here and we dye here! Huge quantities of coal is needed to produce energy
Living conditions are not always the best! Plastic is needed in order to keep the rain out